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APA Referencing Guide

This online guide is an abridged version of the American Psychological Association (APA, 2020a) 7th edition manual.

Journal Article

 

For journal articles, the date field should only contain the year. Other periodicals (such as magazine articles, newspaper articles and blog posts) have the option of including month and day if the information has been provided.

 

A visual template for an example of a reference list entry for a journal article. It reads: Author, A. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume(issue), page range. DOI

 


 Reference list entry:

Heraghty, J., & Cummins, R. (2012). A layered approach to raising public awareness of macular degeneration in Australia. American Journal of Public Health, 102(9), 1655-1659. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2012.300657


Narrative citation:

Heraghty and Cummins (2012)


Parenthetical citation:

(Heraghty & Cummins, 2012).


For a more comprehensive break down of each element please see page 23 of the referencing guidelines.

 

Born digital articles are becoming the most popular way to publish new research. This means that often you will come across an article without page numbers. Instead of a page range publishers will include a unique article number (different from a DOI). In your reference list entry you can provide this number in place of a page range.

 

A visual template for an example of a reference list entry for a journal article. It reads: Author, A. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume(issue), Article ###. DOI

 


Reference list entry:

Shakour, Z., Shehab, N., Gomaa, A., Wessjohann, L., & Farag, M. (2022). Metabolic and biotransformation effects on dietary glucosinolates, their bioavailability, catabolism and biological effects in different organisms. Biotechnology Advances, 54, Article 107784. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biotechadv.2021.107784


Narrative citation:

Shakour et al. (2022)


Parenthetical citation:

(Shakour et al., 2022).


For a more comprehensive break down of each element please see page 23 of the referencing guidelines.

 

If no DOI is available for a journal article, don’t include a URL if the link is from the College’s subscribed databases (requiring a log-in), like EBSCO and ProQuest. 

Only include a URL if a journal article does not have a DOI and was not provided by the College’s subscribed database (does not require a log-in to access), like PubMed.

 

A visual template for an example of a reference list entry for a journal article without a DOI. It reads: Author, A. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume(issue), page range. or Author, A. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume(issue), page range. URL

 


Reference list example (subscribed database):

Carlisle, D. (2012). In the line of fire. Nursing Standard, 26(39), 18-19.


Narrative citation:

Carlisle (2012)


Parenthetical citation:

(Carlisle, 2012).


Reference list example (not from subscribed database):

Krysiak, R., Marek, B., & OkopieĊ„, B. (2008). Subclinical hypothyroidism. Wiadomosci Lekarskie, 61(4-6), 139-45. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18939365/


Narrative citation:

Krysiak et al. (2008)


Parenthetical citation:

(Krysiak et al., 2008).

 

When you are building a reference that includes a scientific name (aka taxonomy; such as a botanical name including genus, species or varities, or a bacterium such as a probiotic strain) you are required to always use italics both in-text and in the reference list

 

A visual template for an example of a reference list entry for a website with no date. It reads: Author, A. (Year). Title of article with Scientific Name in italics. Title of Journal, volume(issue), page range. DOI

 


Reference list entry:

Moroi, M., Uchi, S., Nakamura, K., Sato, S., Shimizu, N., Fujii, M., Kumagai, T., Saito, M., Uchiyama, K., Watanabe, T., Yamaguchi, H., Yamamoto, T., Takeuchi, S., & Furue, M. (2010). Beneficial effect of a diet containing heat-killed lactobacillus paracasei K71 on adult type atopic dermatitis. The Journal of Dermatology, 38(2), 131–139. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1346-8138.2010.00939.x


Narrative citation:

Moroi et al. (2010)


Parenthetical citation:

(Moroi et al., 2010).

 

References

American Psychological Association. (n.d.-a). APA stylehttps://apastyle.apa.org/ 

American Psychological Association. (n.d.-b)Student sample paper with annotations. APA Style. https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/paper-format/student-annotated.pdf

American Psychological Association. (2020a). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000

American Psychological Association. (2020b, October 21). Student paper setup guide. APA Style. https://apastyle.apa.org/instructional-aids/student-paper-setup-guide.pdf

American Psychological Association. (2021a, December). Sample Tables. APA Style. https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/tables-figures/sample-tables

American Psychological Association. (2021b, December). Table setup. APA Style. https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/tables-figures/tables

American Psychological Association. (2022a, July). Appropriate level of citation. APA Style. https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/citations/appropriate-citation

American Psychological Association. (2022b, July). Elements of reference list entries. APA Style. https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references/elements-list-entry

American Psychological Association. (2022c, July). Font. APA Style. https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/paper-format/font

American Psychological Association. (2022d, July). Headings. APA Style. https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/paper-format/headings

American Psychological Association. (2022e, July). Numbers expressed in numerals. APA Style. https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/numbers/numerals

American Psychological Association. (2022f, July). Numbers expressed in words. APA Style. https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/numbers/words

American Psychological Association. (2022g, July). Paragraph alignment and indentation. APA Style. https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/paper-format/paragraph-format

American Psychological Association. (2022h, July). Paraphrasing. APA Style. https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/citations/paraphrasing

American Psychological Association. (2022i, July). Quotations. APA Style. https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/citations/quotations

American Psychological Association. (2022j, July). Sample papers. APA Style. https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/paper-format/sample-papers

American Psychological Association. (2022k, July). Use of italics. APA Style.  https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/italics-quotations/italics

American Psychological Association. (2022l, August). Citing multiple works. APA Style. https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/citations/basic-principles/multiple-works

American Psychological Association. (2023, March). About APA stylehttps://apastyle.apa.org/about-apa-style

McAdoo, T. (2023, April 7). How to cite ChatGPT. APA Style. https://apastyle.apa.org/blog/how-to-cite-chatgpt

Microsoft. (n.d.-a). Add a heading. https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/office/add-a-heading-3eb8b917-56dc-4a17-891a-a026b2c790f2

Microsoft. (n.d.-b). Change marginshttps://support.microsoft.com/en-us/office/change-the-margins-in-your-word-document-c95c1ea1-70b1-4dde-a1da-f5aa2042c829

Microsoft. (n.d.-c). Create a hanging indent. https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/office/create-a-hanging-indent-7bdfb86a-c714-41a8-ac7a-3782a91ccad5

Microsoft. (n.d.-d). Double-space the lines in a document. https://bit.ly/3GRcExu

PSI CHI. (2022, April 5). Webinar: So you need to write a literature review/key tasks & how to accomplish them 03/16/2022 [Video]. YouTube. https://youtu.be/LWMf-FYOpJ8