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Referencing: Home

Referencing is an essential aspect of your academic studies at Endeavour College. Referencing correctly throughout your assignments properly acknowledges your sources, allows quick retrieval of this information later and omits the risk of plagiarism. 

Plagiarism is the accidental or purposeful copying of another persons work and submitting it as your own. 

Proper referencing must be included as soon as you cite the ideas or information from another source, for example when you:

  • Include direct quotes.
  • Paraphrase.
  • Cite statistics or figures (images, graphs, tables...).
  • Include controversial facts or opinions that may be challenged.

Even if you are citing the same source more than once, you must reference at each point a new idea or information is introduced in your assignment.

Paraphrasing is used to discuss the content of a source in your own words.

It is used to show you understand the concepts discussed in the source and can explain them yourself.

It is not changing a few words in a sentence and adding it to your assignment.

How to practice paraphrasing:

  • Read the passage you are wanting to use.
  • Take a second to think about what the content/ideas discussed means.
  • Write down how you would explain that passage to another student studying the same topic, without looking at the original source again.

Following this practice not only ensures you will not be caught plagiarising another's work, but helps you develop a deeper understanding of the concepts and ideas you are studying. 

primary research article is a first-hand account of some scientific information, usually written by those involved in this research. 

Primary journal articles present data collected from a research study, the original source of some scientific research. For example, a cohort study, clinical trial, case study or a randomised control trial. 

When looking for primary research articles, headings like method and results are indicators that an article may be primary.

When evaluating primary research articles we want to see that the researchers have posed a research question, come up with a method to test this question and generated their own results. These results make up the primary information we are looking for.